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Quick Reference to the Layout of the Psalms and superscriptions

Heb. = traditional chapter numbering scenario of the Hebrew texts
X = manuscript designated "For Conducting" (Heb. läm-nä-tsa'-äch) i.e., a Conductor's Score
LXX = Greek Septuagint translation of the Hebrew texts aka LXX
... = by, for, belonging to, concerning, etc.
"-" = descriptive texts included in the superscription
[bracketed italics] = information unique to the Greek Septuagint translation of the Hebrew texts
italics = transliterated terms/phrases unable to be translated with information currently available

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Heb. X Header Information "-" Type of work, of/for LXX
Book I
1         1
2         2
3     "1" psalm ...David 3
4 X with instrumental music.   psalm ...David 4
5 X al ha-nechelot   psalm ...David 5
6 X with instrumental music. over the eight.   psalm ...David 6
7     "2" shigayon of David 7
8 X al ha-getet   psalm ...David 8
9 X falsetto. for a young man   psalm ...David 3 9
10          
11 X     [psalm] ...David 10
12 X over the eight.   psalm ...David 11
13 X     psalm ...David 12
14 4 X     [psalm] ...David 13
15       psalm ...David 14
16       an engraving ...David 15
17       prayer of David 16
18 X   "5" of a servant of YAHVEH, for David 17
19 X     psalm ...David 18
20 X     psalm ...David 19
21 X     psalm ...David 20
22 X al ayelet ha-shachar   psalm ...David 21
23       psalm ...David 22
24   [the first of the Sabbaths]   6...David, psalm 23
25       [psalm] ...David 24
26       ...David 25
27   [before he was anointed]   ...David 26
28       ...David 27
29   [ceremony of the tent] 7   psalm ...David 28
30 [X] psalm, "Song of dedication of the house of David" 29
31 X [astonishment]   psalm ...David 30
32       ...David, a maskil 31
33       [of David] 32
34     "8" ...David 33
35       ...David 34
36 X     of a servant of YAHVEH, for David 35
37       ...David 36
38   for remembrance [of the Sabbath] psalm ...David 37
39 X ...Yedutun   9 psalm ...David 38
40 X     ...David, psalm 39
41 10 X     psalm ...David 40
End Book I

Book II
42 11 X     maskil for the sons of Korah 41
43       [psalm of David] 42
44 X     12 for sons of Korah, maskil 43
45 X al shoshanem - "Song of Loves" for sons of Korah, maskil 44
46 X on falsetto.   13 for sons of Korah, song 45
47 X     for sons of Korah, psalm 46
48   [second Sabbath]   14 song, a psalm for the sons of Korah 47
49 X     for sons of Korah, psalm 48
50       psalm ...Asaph 49
51 X   "15" psalm ...David 50
52 X   "16" maskil ...David 51
53 17 X al machalat   maskil ...David 52
54 X with instrumental music. "18" maskil ...David 53
55 X with instrumental music.   maskil ...David 54
56 X al yonat elem rachokem "19" of David, an engraving 55
57 X do-not-destroy "20" of David, an engraving 56
58 X do-not-destroy   of David, an engraving 57
59 X do-not-destroy "21" of David, an engraving 58
60 X al shoshan edut - to teach "22" of David, an engraving 59
61 X     23 over music of David 60
62 X al Yedutun   psalm ...David 61
63     "24" psalm ...David 62
64 X     psalm ...David 63
65 X a song [for Jeremiah and Ezekiel]   psalm ...David 64
66 X     song, psalm 65
67 X with instrumental music.   psalm, song 66
68 X     ...David, psalm, song 67
69 X al shoshanem   ...David 68
70 X to remember   ...David 69
71   [for the sons of Jonadab and ...] 25 [of David] 70
72       26 for Solomon 71
End Book II

Book III
73       psalm ...Asaph 72
74       maskil ...Asaph 73
75 X do-not-destroy   psalm ...Asaph, song 74
76 X with instrumental music.   psalm ...Asaph, song 75
77 X al Yedutun   ...Asaph, psalm 76
78       maskil ...Asaph 77
79       psalm ...Asaph 78
80 X al shoshanem edut ["27"] ...Asaph, psalm 79
81 X al ha-getet   ...Asaph, [psalm] 80
82       psalm ...Asaph 81
83       song, psalm ...Asaph 82
84 X al ha-getet   for the sons of Korah, psalm 83
85 X     for the sons of Korah, psalm 84
86       prayer of David 85
87       for the sons of Korah, psalm, song 86
88 X al machalat - to respond   song, psalm for the sons of Korah 87
      28 maskil ...Heman the Ezrahite  
89     29 maskil...Ethan the Ezrahite 88
End Book III 30

Book IV
90       prayer of Moses, man of God 89
91       [praise song of David] 90
92 for the Sabbath Day     psalm, song 91
93 [for day before the Sabbath when...] 31   [praise song of David] 92
94 [four of the Sabbath]   [psalm of David] 93
95       [praise song of David] 94
96 32 [when the House was built...] 33   [song of David] 95
97 [when the land He established]   [of David] 96
98       psalm [of David] 97
99       [psalm of David] 98
100 for thanksgiving   psalm 99
101       ...David, psalm 100
102 "Prayer of an afflicted one when he pours out complaint before YAHVEH" 101
103       ...David 102
104       [of David] 103
105 34 HAL'LU YAH 35     104
106 HAL'LUYAH 36       105
End Book IV

Book V
107 HAL'LU YAH 37       106
108       song, psalm ...David 107
109 X     ...David, psalm 108
110       ...David, psalm 109
111 HAL'LU YAH       110
112 HAL'LU YAH       111
113 HAL'LU YAH       112
114 38 HAL'LU YAH 39       113
115        
116 40         114
      [alleluia] 41 115
117 HAL'LU YAH 42       116
118         117
119 43       [alleluia] 44 118
120 Song of the Steps       119
121 Song of Steps       120
122 Song of the Steps     45...David 121
123 Song of the Steps       122
124 Song of the Steps     46...David 123
125 Song of the Steps       124
126 Song of the Steps       125
127 Song of the Steps     ...Solomon 126
128 Song of the Steps       127
129 Song of the Steps       128
130 Song of the Steps       129
131 Song of the Steps     ...David 130
132 Song of the Steps       131
133 Song of the Steps     ...David 132
134 Song of the Steps       133
135:1 47 HAL'LU YAH       134
135:3 48 HAL'LU YAH       134
136 HAL'LU YAH 49       135
137       [for David] 136
138       ...David 137
139 X     50...David, psalm 138
140 X     psalm ...David 139
141       psalm ...David 140
142     "51" maskil ...David 141
143     ["52"] psalm ...David 142
144     ["53"] ...David 143
145       praise ...David 144
146 HAL'LU YAH   [for Haggai and Zechariah] 145
147:1 54 HAL'LU YAH   [for Haggai and Zechariah] 146
147:12   [alleluia] 55 [for Haggai and Zechariah] 147
148 HAL'LU YAH   [for Haggai and Zechariah] 148
149 HAL'LU YAH     149
150 HAL'LU YAH     150
End Book V

Footnotes
  1. Psalm 3: "when he fled from Absalom his son." - possible reference 2 Samuel 15:13-16
  2. Psalm 7: "which he sang to YAHVEH, concerning [because of the words of] Cush [Hushai],a Benjamite."
  3. Psalms 9 and 10: LXX combines Heb. Psalm 9:1-21 [9:1-21] and 10:1-18 [9:22-39] as one manuscript.
  4. Psalm 14 was adapted to Psalm 53 at some juncture.
  5. Psalm 18: "who spoke to YAHVEH the words of this song in the day that YAHVEH delivered him from the sole of all his enemies, and from the hand of Saul; And he said: 'I love thee, YAHVEH, my strength.'"" - parallel text to 2 Samuel 22:1-51 - see also Psalm 36
  6. Psalm 24: [psalm of David]
  7. Psalm 29: [the tent] mentioned in the LXX may be referring to the tent where the Ark was temporarily relocated until the Temple was built by Solomon (see 1 Chronicles 16:1).
  8. Psalm 34: "when he changed his demeanor before Abimelech, who drove him away, and he departed." - most likely referring to the account in 1 Samuel 21:11-22:1
  9. Psalm 39: [song of David]
  10. Psalm 41: Concluding verse of Psalm 41 and end of Book I: "Psalm 41:14 - "Blessed be YAHVEH, God of Israel, from the everlasting even until the everlasting. Amen and Amen"
  11. Psalms 42 and 43: When the identical lyric and melodic content of the last verse in each manuscript (i.e., Heb. 42:12 and 43:5) are taken into consideration, along with absence of a superscription in Psalm 43 in the Hebrew texts, it is the author's opinion that Psalm 42 and 43 should be considered as one manuscript and not two as traditionally written in both the Hebrew and Greek versions.
  12. Psalm 44: LXX adds [psalm]
  13. Psalm 46: LXX replaces "song" with [psalm]
  14. Psalm 48: [psalm, song for the sons of Korah]
  15. Psalm 51: "When Nathan the prophet came unto him, after he had gone in to Bathsheba." ref: 2 Samuel 11:1-12:16
  16. Psalm 52: "when Doeg the Edomite came and told Saul, and said unto him: 'David is come to the house of Ahimelech.'" - ref: 2 Samuel 22:9-10
  17. Psalm 53: Duplicate of Psalm 14 with some minor spelling and verbiage changes. Most significant variation is the replacement of the Sacred Name, YAHVEH, in Psalm 53 with the more generic Hebrew term for God, ë-lo-hem' in all instances.
  18. Psalm 54: "when the Ziphites came and said to Saul: 'Does not David hide himself with us?'" - ref: 1 Samuel 23:19-24
  19. Psalm 56: an engraving of "when the Philistines seized him in Gath." - possible reference 1 Samuel 21:16-22:1
  20. Psalm 57: an engraving of "when he escaped from Saul in the cave" - ref: 1 Samuel 22:1, 24:1-23
  21. Psalm 59: an engravging of "when Saul sent, and they watched the house to kill him." - ref: 1 Samuel 19:11-12
  22. Psalm 60: an engraving of "when he strove with Aram-naharaim and with Aram-zobah, and Joab returned, and smote of Edom in the Valley of Salt twelve thousand." - ref: 2 Samuel 10:6-19
  23. Psalm 61: The unique phrasing of this superscription, "For conducting over music of David" may indicate that the texts were recited, not sung, over an instrumental composition of David.
  24. Psalm 63: "when he was in the desert of Judah" - ref: 1 Samuel 23:15-29
  25. Psalm 71 [of David, for the sons of Jonadab and the first taken captive]
  26. Psalm 72:20 "The supplications (prayers) of David the son of Jesse are ended." - This text most likely relates to Psalm 72 and not the entire Book II and hence that Psalm 72 was adapted from a prayer of David for his son Solomon.
  27. Psalm 80: LXX adds [concerning the Assyrian]
  28. Psalm 88: [Aeman, the Israelite]
  29. Psalm 89: [Aetham, the Israelite]
  30. Psalm 89:53 - "Blessed be YAHVEH for ever." 'Amen and Amen'
  31. Psalm 93: [for the day before Sabbath when the land was inhabited]
  32. Psalm 96 - adapted from 1 Chronicles 16:22-33, a work of David - see also Psalm 105
  33. Psalm 96: [when the House was built after the captivity, a song of David]
  34. Psalm 105:1-15 was adapted from 1 Chronicles 8-21, a work of David - see also Psalm 96
  35. Psalm 105: opening HAL'LU YAH from Heb. 104:35 as per LXX [alleluia]
  36. Psalm 106: only occurrence of the phase HAL'LU YAH as a single word in the Hebrew
  37. Psalm 107: opening HAL'LU YAH from Heb. 106:48 as per LXX [alleluia]
  38. Psalm 114 and Psalm 115 combined as one manuscript in LXX 113:1-26 with Psalm 114 being LXX [113:1-8] and Psalm 115 being LXX [113:1-26].
  39. Psalm 114: opening HAL'LU YAH from Heb. 113:9 as per LXX [alleluia]
  40. LXX [Psalm 114] and [Psalm 115] combined as one manuscript in Heb. 116:1-19 with LXX [114] being Heb. 116:1-9 and LXX [115] being Heb. 116:10-19
  41. Psalm 116:10 - the LXX [115] [alleluia] may be a spurious entry added by the translator as it does not occur in any form in the corresponding Hebrew texts.
  42. Psalm 117: opening HAL'LU YAH from Heb. 116:19 as per LXX [alleluia]
  43. Psalm 119 - Twenty-two sections corresponding to the letters of the Hebrew alephbet - 176 verses
  44. Psalm 119 - the LXX [118] [alleluia] may be a spurious entry added by the translator as it does not occur in any form in the corresponding Hebrew texts.
  45. LXX omits of David
  46. LXX omits of David
  47. Psalm 135:1-2 may have been a separate manuscript. Compare content of Psalm 135:1-2 to Psalm 134, a parallel manuscript
  48. Psalm 135:3-21 may have been a separate manuscript. Compare content of Psalm 136 to Psalm 135:3-21, a parallel manuscript
  49. Psalm 136: opening HAL'LU YAH from Heb. 135:21 as per LXX [alleluia]
  50. Psalm 139: [psalm of David]
  51. Psalm 142: "when he was in the cave, a prayer" - ref: 1 Samuel 22:1, 24:1-23
  52. Psalm 143: ["when his son pursued him"] - possible reference 2 Samuel 15:13
  53. Psalm 144: ["concerning the Goliath"]
  54. Psalm 147: LXX [146] and [147] are combined as one manuscript in Heb. 147:1-11 with LXX [146] being Heb. 147:1-11 and LXX [147] being Heb. 147:12-20
  55. Psalm 147:12 - the LXX [147] [alleluia] and [for Haggai and Zechariah] superscription may be spurious entries added by the translator as they do not occur in any form in the corresponding Hebrew texts.